Human Intelligence

The Functionalist Principles of Human Complexes

Essential complexes are extreme stagnated childish behaviors of individuals to avoid interacting with the environment as an adaptive system in order to obtain pseudo-benefits to survive. This is a synthesis of a research work developed at The Unicist Research Institute that is part of the book “Mind Traps” (2011) that is included in the Unicist Library.

Human complexes avoid the possibilities of adapting to an environment. They create a parallel reality that hinders dealing with adaptive systems.

Complexes’ objective is to avoid the adaptation process of individuals, generating a parallel reality creating a comfort zone to live in.

Complexes are homologous to “cancer”. They develop at the expense of the individual and eventually kill it; the paradox lies in that in doing so they die as well.

Complexes make individuals or cultures act in the environment in such a way, that they transform outer reality into inner reality.

This way, individuals or cultures lose the capacity to adapt to the environment and confirm the “parallel reality” constructed by the complexes until they reach the point of being completely marginalized from the environment and become extinct or “die” in social terms.

Complexes are fed by fallacies and fallacious utopias that are constructed by women/ men to avoid responsibilities and to satisfy their own beliefs or needs.

We have identified two basic complexes at the level of ontointelligence: The Inferiority / Superiority Complex, to avoid personal responsibility, and the Oedipus complex, to avoid species responsibility.

The ontological approach to complexes is compatible with the psychological approach to them. This compatibility doesn’t mean being identical, because the ontological approach implies dealing with the structure of the nature of complexes without entering into their interpretative causes.

The Benefit of Essential Complexes

Essential complexes build a world in which they generate their own transcendence. They construct a parallel reality where they feel free and suffer no demands. It is a comfortable situation of pleasure and domination that the individual does not want to give up.

Although it feels like being in the womb, it is, in fact, a “cancer” itself.

The Unicist Ontology of Human Essential Complexes

Human complexes provide a comfort zone in a permanent parallel reality based on integrating both the need of independence and dependence.

Essential complexes avoid responsibilities and transform an individual into a stagnated survivor that lives from the environment.

A comfort zone is created, where no feedback can be used and where no learning can happen. An individual is not driven by complexes if s/he is able to diagnose, learn and confirm his/her actions in the environment.

But when an individual is driven by essential complexes then the solving of this complexes can only take place based on the evolution of her/his ethical intelligence.

As soon as an individual matured and abandoned her/his survival stage in a structural way, complexes become transitory solutions for unmanageable situations but not a structural problem.

The structural segments of essential complexes are:

Superiority / Inferiority Complex

  • Superiority complex: This is a dominant behavior segment that is apparently seeking for independence, but, as this doesn’t exist in adaptive systems, generates the necessary conflicts to dominate using the feeling of superiority.
  • Inferiority complex: This is a dependant behavior segment. In order to take advantage from the environment and minimize their responsibility and energy investment, they use their feeling of inferiority to justify their actions and inactions.

Oedipus Complex

  • Instinctive behavior segment, to generate extreme complementary relationships abusing the complement in order to satisfy their instincts and avoid conscious experiences and responsibilities.
  • Anarchic behavior segment, to generate the necessary authority conflicts to ensure an apparent independence based on destruction and extreme subjectivism.

The Ontogenetic Structure of Essential Human Complexes

The purpose of essential complexes is to give a fallacious solution to the personal weaknesses of individuals.

This implies that the risk of developing essential complexes arises as soon as a child begins to have an interdependent role with the environment.

The capacity of elaborating frustrations and the energy the individual has available to influence an environment are basic to avoid the installation of essential complexes.

But the complexes do not depend exclusively on the individual. They also depend on the environment and the family context.

Cultural archetypes include fallacious myths to sustain the cohesion of cultures that imply a sort of “chronic stagnated characteristic”. They might or not be considered as essential complexes, but they surely foster the installation of complexes in the mind of the members of a culture. An individual is in touch with the archetype of a culture as soon as s/he is born.

The family context is the near context for the development of individuals. Therefore, the educational model that is implicit in a family, works as a catalyst or inhibitor for the evolution of the essential complexes of individuals.

Finally, the formal education of individuals can generate the social context for the evolution of complexes or just fallacious myths. Fallacious myths are necessary to integrate a culture but they might be substituted by essential complexes in the case of extremely conservative, fundamentalist or anarchic cultures.

Martin Alvaro
Scientific Dissemination Committee
The Unicist Research Institute

NOTE: The discovery of the functionalist principles allowed managing the root causes of problems, the functionality of things, and the necessary binary actions to make things work. This is a new stage, we invite you to experience their use at a personal level. Download


Presentation of the Functionality of Neurosis

Request the document

We are pleased to present a breakthrough research that introduces new possibilities in the world to take advantage of the 4th industrial revolution.

The discovery of the functionality of neurosis provided the information that is needed to build contexts that foster functional behavior. It is not a therapeutic approach. We invite you to learn about the possibilities that were opened by the discovery of the functionality of neurotic behavior in the field of business and everyday life.

This knowledge was based on a research work that demanded more than 10 years of real applications using destructive tests until the functionality of the knowledge and its limits were confirmed.

The research work, that was developed at The Unicist Research Institute, was based on the triadic structure of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature that drives its evolution and explains the triadic functional structure of human intelligence and thus the functionality of neurosis or neuroticism.

This research is part of the application field of the Unicist Conceptual Psychology that deals with a functionalist, non-therapeutic, approach to human behavior to foster functional actions in everyday life.

As we mentioned, we invite you to learn about the possibilities that were opened by the discovery of the functionality of neurotic behavior in the field of business and everyday life.

Executive Committee
The Unicist Research Institute

The Unicist Functionalist Approach: The functionalist approach is based on the use of binary actions that are composed by two synchronized actions where the first one opens possibilities and the second one ensures results. The use of univocal actions only works in fully controlled processes or where the environment provides the second action that sustains it. Therefore, the use of binary actions is not optional when it is needed to ensure the generation of results.


Dualism in Adaptive Environments: Aprioristic Fallacies

Working with adaptive systems and environments requires developing synchronized actions that include maximal strategy actions to grow and minimum strategy actions to ensure results. Perhaps it needs to be clarified that adaptive systems are those that are dominantly feedback dependent.

When the results of a system depend on biunivocal relationships with the environment, the system is open and it is necessary to manage the concepts of what is being done and developing what we have named unicist binary actions (also called DDAs) to develop actions with a maximal strategy to grow and a minimum strategy to ensure survival.

Dualistic Actions vs. Unicist Binary Actions

  • Dualistic actions are functional in controlled environments. (1 actor, 1 action)
  • Unicist binary actions are necessary in adaptive environments (1 actor, 2 synchronized actions)

Dualistic actions are “solitaire” actions to influence the environment to produce results. They are functionally valid in controlled environments where the cause-effect relationships are being managed.

Dualistic actions are such because they integrate the actor and the action. These dualistic solitaire actions in adaptive environments generate spontaneous reactions that inhibit their functionality. These reactions adopt different shapes according to the environment.

Unicist binary actions integrate the actor with two synchronized actions including, on the one hand, the maximal strategy to foster growth and, on the other hand, the minimum strategy to ensure survival.

Unicist binary actions respond to the needs of the nature of what is being managed and therefore generate no reactions.

“Half a table is an expensive heap of wood”. Dualistic actions in adaptive environments are half a table, they generate costs and do not generate results.

It has to be considered that dualistic solitaire actions are installed in the fallacious myths of many cultures and environments. The saying “you didn’t try hard enough” implicitly fosters univocal dualistic actions to generate results, which is valid in controlled systems but fallacious in adaptive environments.

Dualistic actions are unavoidable in over-adapted environments, when the concepts of what is being done are unknown or when the individuals who develop these actions are marginals.

Dualistic fallacies ensure the comfort zone

Unicist binary actions (DDAs) can only be managed in adaptive environments when dualism does not prevail. Dualism is the most energy saving approach of the brain, which necessarily implies, at the end, the use of exclusive disjunctions that ensure the validity of what one is thinking or doing.

Fallacies are a palliative that allows building a comfort zone without considering the actual functionality of the environment. The building of fallacies becomes necessary when someone approaches the real world using a dualistic approach.

The paradox is that, at the end of a solution building process, a set of univocal actions needs to be developed to install the double dialectical process.

Aprioristic Fallacies

Aprioristic fallacies are fallacies of the collective intelligence of an individual. They are the consequence of using dualism to deal with adaptive environments.

This dualism generates spontaneous projections that are considered as valid knowledge. They provide information to build an “immediate” parallel reality that allows manipulating the environment one is acting on. As fallacies are unconscious lies, there is no feeling of guilt.

Aprioristic fallacies are extremely destructive and require using manipulation to “force” people into a parallel world where this manipulator is in control. Marginals, sociopaths and psychopaths are examples of compulsive users of aprioristic fallacies.

Truth Driven Fallacies

These fallacies are driven by a compulsive need for being right. In triadic terms, truth has no active function that endangers its validity. That is why projections are the drivers used to “convert” people to this truth. The Icarus syndrome is a natural consequence of this fallacy. Truth fallacies are the basic tool to build sects or groups with “absolute” ideologies. Truth driven fallacies are a palliative for “inferiority feelings”.

Self-perception Driven Fallacies

Self-perception fallacies are driven by a compulsive need for self-confirming ideas or needs. It implies dealing with the “here and now” that has no room for energy conservation. The Sisyphus syndrome is a natural consequence of this fallacy. In this context, the projects drive to manipulation to build and sustain this fallacy and enjoy the role of hero. Self-perception fallacies are a palliative for “superiority feelings”.

Recognition Driven Fallacies

These fallacies are driven by a compulsive need for recognition. This implies that the purpose of actions is left aside and replaced by the recognition of actions. These fallacies transform “means into ends” to obtain recognition that do not depend on the generation of results. The Aphrodite syndrome is a natural consequence of this fallacy. The projections that are generated sustain the comfort zone and imply empowering the role of operation disregarding functionality. Recognition driven fallacies are a palliative for “authority conflicts”.

Unicist Pilot Test Driven Reflection: the Antidote to Fallacies

Aprioristic fallacies can only happen in dysfunctional environments. An environment is dysfunctional when the participating members need to build a parallel reality in order to have a place.

Each aprioristic fallacy has its own nature: While self-perception fallacies are sustained by “heroic” actions, recognition fallacies are based on “subjectification” and truth fallacies are driven by “messianic” beliefs.

Unicist reflection is the methodology to deal with adaptive environments and the antidote to fallacies. It is driven by destructive and non-destructive tests in the real world that define the validity of knowledge. Its use hinders any kind of fallacies and the consolidation of dualistic fallacies.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute has been, since 1976, the pioneer in complexity science research where the Unicist Evolutionary Approach was developed


Greed Triggers Fallacies

The objective in the research on fallacies was to find the inhibitors and antidotes to fallacies that hinder or avoid the evolution of adaptive systems and environments.

Fallacies are unconscious actions with apparent conscious outputs. For this reason, the discussion of fallacies is a taboo. People cannot accept being interpreted by others unless they demand it in a counseling environment.

This research demonstrated that greed, as a universally recognized “sin”, triggers fallacies and makes their discussion fully unacceptable. Greed legitimates shortcuts to appropriate “things”.

These shortcuts are in fact fallacies that are built sustained by the “fears” an individual has. These fallacies are triggered by greed and, in the case of teamwork, are motivated by the envy the apparent success of others’ greedy actions generates.

There are three types of greed that influence human behavior:

  1. The emotional greed
  2. The materialistic greed
  3. The intellectual greed

The purpose of emotional greed is to obtain love and recognition; the purpose of materialistic greed is to accumulate and the purpose of intellectual greed is to be right and recognized.

The purpose of greed is acted out by the exertion of power and sustained by manipulation to ensure the achievement of results.

“Greeders” tend to accuse others for their greedy actions while they deny their own greed.

This is the paradigmatic case of greedy intellectuals who accuse greedy businessmen/women for their greedy doings.

The discovery of the inhibitors and antidotes of fallacies provided the necessary tools to ensure professional work in adaptive environments.

Excerpt of the book “The Origin of Fallacies” by Peter Belohlavek

Unicist Executive Committee

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute has been, since 1976, the pioneer in complexity science research where the Unicist Evolutionary Approach was developed. 


Discovery of the Ontogenesis and Functionality of Human Fallacies

The research on fallacies began in 1985/86 based on those fallacies that had notorious negative social and institutional consequences. The research was developed at The Unicist Research Institute and was led by Peter Belohlavek.

The discovery of perception, reasoning and conceptual fallacies demanded almost 17 years (2003), which contributed to the research on the roots of fallacies and their ontogenesis that developed their conceptualization after hundreds of “fallacious” hypotheses, until their final validation in 2019.

The research showed that all fallacies have the same purpose, which is to maintain the comfort zone of an individual. As fallacies are non-conscious processes, the people involved are not aware that they are trying to maintain a comfort zone. This process can be detected after a fallacy has been installed and the consequences became evident.

This research began based on a set of fallacies that the researcher experienced in the 1980s. The main ones were:

  • The paradoxical effect brought about by a set of drugs related to birth control.
  • The cyclical behavior in the evolution of four developing countries.
  • The decision of a French automotive industry to unify assembly lines, not automated at that moment, for all its range of products, which led to a production debacle.
  • A dysfunctional universal solution made by the International Monetary Fund.
  • The systematic destruction or nullification of information on reality that contradicted the fallacies which were functional to cultures.

Actions in adaptive environments, which have open boundaries, establish a framework of complexity that requires having a strict method to avoid fallacious decisions. Participants need to have the necessary knowledge of the issues that are being managed in order to avoid fallacious decisions.

Developing solutions in these environments requires simultaneously a competitive approach to expand the boundaries of knowledge and a cooperative approach to ensure the adaptation process.

On the one hand, this competition is what expands the quality of the solutions and allows going towards a superior level of functionality. The competitive approach is natural for human beings who are working on the solution of problems or developing new solutions.

On the other hand, cooperation is necessary to ensure that the adaptive process remains functional. This cooperation requires that the participants need to be internally complemented in order to be able to emulate a complementary cooperation in mind.

The generation of fallacies in adaptive processes is based on three core aspects:

Fallacy Avoidance
  1. The lack of the necessary understanding of the functionality of what is being done (knowledge).
  2. The functional requirement of a superior level of ethical intelligence than the one the participants of a process have.
  3. The lack of complementation of the logical type of thought, the conceptual intelligence and the strategic intelligence.

The definition of what is possible to be achieved is the first step to avoid fallacies. It makes fears unnecessary and guides the action processes.

The universal inhibitor of fallacy-building is the use of unicist conceptual engineering that integrates the fundamentals of “things” with the necessary technical knowledge to ensure the functionality of solutions.

The universal antidote for fallacies in the development of solutions in adaptive environments is the use of unicist destructive pilot tests to evaluate solutions.

Excerpt of the book “The Origin of Fallacies” by Peter Belohlavek

Unicist Executive Committee

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute has been, since 1976, the pioneer in complexity science research where the Unicist Evolutionary Approach was developed. 


Integrating Abductive, Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

Unicist cognitive systems were developed to manage the root causes of processes, the root causes of their evolution and the root causes of the behavior of the participants. The unicist cognitive systems emulate processes to provide solutions using the unicist evolutionary approach. The unicist evolutionary approach is based on the discovery that human actions are driven by the concepts they have in their minds, which are triggered by the conceptual short-term memory (CSTM).

Unicist ReasoningThis approach manages the concepts and fundamentals of processes and is synthesized in the unicist strategy and the unicist conceptual management that emulate the intelligence, organization and evolution of nature to develop maximal strategies to grow and minimum strategies to ensure results.

It uses abductive, inductive and deductive reasoning to forecast, produce and ensure results. Abductive reasoning is used to access the concepts of things and define the possibilities of what can be achieved, inductive reasoning is used to develop destructive tests to confirm the limits of the validity of knowledge and deductive reasoning is used to develop validation tests and manage the operation.

The unicist artificial intelligence was developed to empower cognitive systems, integrating abductive, inductive and deductive reasoning to develop logical inferences based on the ontogenetic maps of the unified field of the concepts and fundamentals of adaptive functions while learning from the environment through pilot tests.

The unicist cognitive systems emulate processes in adaptive environments based on the definition of the unified field of their fundamentals to confirm what is possible to be achieved, how to make it happen and manage their evolution.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.


Discovery of the Functional Purpose of Human Thinking

A new research on the functionality of human intelligence, was finished at the beginning of January 2016, after more than 30 years since the beginning of the research, which started in 1986. The conclusion of the research was based on the applications that were made in Austria, Germany, India and USA, which had a 100% of accuracy.

The Unicist Unified Field

Click to access the description of this approach. You will notice the upgrade if you already have the preceding presentation.

The objective of this research, that was triggered by the discovery of the “logical type of thinking”, was to find the final purpose of the thinking processes of individuals. The research was developed at The Unicist Research Institute and was led by Peter Belohlavek.

The functionality of thinking processes had been discovered and could be modeled; but this knowledge was still a static approach to the thinking processes and needed to become associated with the functionality of the thinking process in real life.

The previous research demonstrated that the depth of thinking was associated to the capacity of individuals to deal with ambiguity and complexity.

But the new research went further. The new finding demonstrates the functionality of the type of thought to deal with real actions and the level of responsibilities for results an individual can assume when acting in the environment.

The conclusions can be synthesized as follows:

The purpose of the thinking process of humans is to generate results, whatever their kind. The depth of the thinking process defines the capacity for assuming responsibilities.

  • Operational Thinking allows assuming the responsibility for tasks
  • Analytical Thinking allows assuming the responsibility for rational decisions
  • Systemic (Scientific) Thinking allows assuming the responsibility for managing variables
  • Conceptual Thinking allows assuming the responsibility for generating results
  • Unicist Thinking allows generating results in the short and long run

There also exists an analogical thinking process which uses analogical benchmarks to avoid assuming responsibilities. This level of thinking is basically “preconscious”.

If you are not aware of the functionality of the preceding researches, we recommend accessing the following link:


On the one hand, due to this research widened the possibilities to build groups, develop team work, manage social participation and build relationships.

On the other hand, the results of this research provided basic information for personal talent development in order to allow people to take advantage of their gifts avoiding misleading utopias.

This knowledge increased the accuracy of the knowledge to manage complex adaptive environments as a unified field (click on the image).

We hope you can profit from the conclusions.

Executive Committee

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.