Peter Belohlavek

Learning to Build Unicist Binary Actions

The unicist binary actions are a way to go beyond dualism by developing an approach to adaptive environments that emulates the intelligence of nature.

Dualism is natural, because neurons are “on” or “off”. Dualism is evident and can be observed in the fact that any univocal action generates a reaction. But dualism inhibits adaptability, it is only functional to deal with static environments where a superior level of power can be exerted to make things happen.

The discovery of the triadic structure of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature, integrated by a purpose, an active and entropic principle and an energy conservation principle, allowed understanding the functionality, dynamics and evolution of nature and adaptive environments.

The approach to adaptive systems, which have open boundaries, requires using a strategic approach to manage their evolution that ends in synchronized binary actions to achieve the objectives that were established as being possible.

Adaptive systems are driven by binary actions, which are synchronized actions that, on the one hand integrate the actions of the active function, and on the other hand, include the actions of the energy conservation function. Both binary actions are focused on the purpose of the adaptive system.

The research developed at The Unicist Research Institute demonstrated that any adaptive system and environment (living being or artificial construction) is driven by binary actions. Some examples will help to grasp the idea:

  1. The active function and the energy conservation function of the intelligence of a tree drive its growth and survival.
  2. Lift and propulsion make airplanes take-off and fly.
  3. The cover and the back-cover define the functionality of the packaging of a book.
  4. The music and the lyrics of a song define its aesthetics.

Universally known examples of binary action are:

  • Efficacy + Efficiency = Effectiveness
  • Empathy + Sympathy = Personal influence
  • Participation + Power = Leadership
  • Marketing + Sales = New customers
  • Productivity + Quality = Value generation

The use of binary actions to manage adaptive environments is a must. This implies profiting from the influence of the context and/or building the necessary binary actions that allow influencing without generating reactions. It requires understanding a specific system, which is described by the unicist ontological structure that defines its functionality.

Apprehending Unicist Binary Actions

The building of binary actions requires accessing the functionality of processes going beyond dualistic empirical approaches. The discovery of the binary actions that are implicit in riddles and metaphors simplifies the management of adaptive systems and environments. It is the first step to learn about unicist binary actions, after the examples of the binary actions have been apprehended:

The unicist functional knowledge provides the structural approach to manage adaptive systems and the unicist functional design simplifies the building of the necessary strategies and binary actions to foster evolution and ensure results.

Building Unicist Binary Actions

The Unicist Functional Designers developed at The Unicist Research Institute, which manage the concepts and fundamentals of business processes, allow defining their functionality and developing binary actions to foster growth and ensure results.

Binary actions are implicit in the functional structure of adaptive systems. Binary actions work at an operational level and their integration is driven by the purpose of the system. The building of binary actions requires experiencing their use and developing the necessary pilot tests and destructive tests to confirm their functionality.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute (TURI) is a world leader in its segment. Since 1976, it has been specialized in complexity sciences applied to the research on the roots of evolution and its application to social, institutional, business and individual evolution.


Stupidity, the game lazy minds play to avoid responsibilities

In terms of commonsense people consider that stupidity implies a lack of intelligence. Nothing is less true; stupidity is a manipulation for one’s benefit.  Stupidity is a game lazy minds play to make others assume the responsibility they do not want to assume when they face unknown aspects of reality. It is basically an unconscious game.

There is no relationship between IQ and stupidity. Stupidity is triggered by emotional intelligence to avoid the need for assuming responsibilities. Stupidity is always justified by the one who plays the role.

In the field of work, it is the main inhibitor of innovations, improvements, testing of new actions, and reflection. It works based on demanding clarification of the unknown based on direct demands or “endless” yes buts, which avoid the need to learning how to do with the unknown. Stupidity always requires the use of value judgements to avoid assuming responsibilities.

We recommend reading two psychological approaches to stupidity which are homologous with the unicist ontological approach:

Carl Jung:

Eric Berne:

A metaphor clarifies the role of stupidity as a resource to avoid responsibility

The one who ignores is blind.
The one who ignores, but thinks he does not,
Is not only blind but deaf.
God and fools know everything,
But fools need to be right.

Stupidity is a smart game people play to avoid enter unknown fields, which hinders learning and justifies inaction. It is not because they lack intelligence. It is a question of lack of responsibility, needs, and/or will.

Peter Belohlavek


The Unicist Logic is an emulation of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature

The Unicist Logic is a synthetic logic that emulates the ontogenetic intelligence of nature and its maximal strategies to grow and minimum strategies to survive.

It was developed to validate the triadic functionality of natural and artificial complex adaptive systems and to design and build binary actions to manage them. 

The unicist logic was developed to manage consciously the unified field of complex adaptive systems. Conscious reasoning allows developing fallacy-free decisions and actions to ensure the results of what intends to be achieved.

This logic, which is based on human ontointelligence, allows dealing with the dynamics, evolution and nature of adaptive environments and provided the structure to build the unicist artificial intelligence. Non-adaptive environments are considered a “particular case” of adaptive systems.

The unicist logic allows understanding the functionality, dynamics and evolution of adaptive systems and environments. It is the basic knowledge needed to develop strategies in these environments. It applies to any kind of strategies.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute (TURI) is a world leader in its segment. Since 1976, it has been specialized in complexity sciences applied to the research on the roots of evolution and its application to social, institutional, business and individual evolution.


The Difference between Unicist Binary Actions (UBAs) and Manipulative Binary Actions (MBAs)

The Unicist Strategy is a value adding strategy while manipulation is its anti-concept that is driven by the need to control the environment to obtain benefits. Therefore, manipulative actions are the anticoncept of unicist binary actions. While the manipulative binary actions aim at controlling the environment, the unicist binary actions aim at generating added value. This is the difference between MBAs and UBAs.

Unicist Binary Actions

Double Dialectical Behavior is natural and “automatic” in any complex adaptive system. Perhaps it needs to be clarified that adaptive systems are those that are dominantly feedback dependent.

The discovery of the structure of the concepts that underlies these systems allowed understanding how these binary actions drive the evolution of such systems.  The use of unicist logic allowed defining, designing and using unicist binary actions to implement adaptive strategies.

Unicist binary actions integrate the actor with two synchronized actions including, on the one hand, the maximal strategy to foster growth and, on the other hand, the minimum strategy to ensure survival.

Unicist binary actions respond to the needs of the nature of what is being managed and therefore generate no reactions. The value generated by these binary actions demonstrates their functionality.

Binary actions are not such, but manipulations, when they are used to profit from the environment. Generating value and profiting from the counterpart is the pathway of unicist binary actions.

Manipulative Binary Actions

Manipulations are non-conscious actions to control the environment and obtain benefits at the expense of others. The manipulations of children are a paradigmatic example.

While the purpose of manipulations is to profit from the environment, the purpose of unicist binary actions is to add value to the environment. That is why manipulations are the anti-concept of unicist strategy and its binary actions. .

Manipulations are sustained by the needs of the environment and are catalyzed by exposing the weaknesses that are implicit in the strengths of the counterpart.

The binary actions developed by manipulators are:

Manipulative Binary Action 1

MBA Type 1a) – Exposing the implicit weaknesses of the counterpart as real weaknesses.

MBA Type 1b) – Making an implicit or explicit ambiguous promise of satisfying the needs of the counterpart.

Manipulative Binary Action 2

MBA Type 2a) – Trying to appropriate value based on fallacious justifications.

MBA Type 2b) – Exerting power by attacking the implicit weaknesses of the counterpart until the value is appropriated.

The manipulation process doesn’t fail when the intuition of the manipulator allowed discovering the needs and the implicit weaknesses of the counterpart and the manipulator has the necessary energy to pursue until the benefit has been obtained.

There are adults who have the habit of manipulating and others who have the addiction of doing so. None of these people can use a strategic approach or use unicist binary actions to add value to the environment, because they understand that the value is added at their expense. The origin of the habits and addictions can be found in their early education.

Manipulators build all the fallacies that are needed to justify their actions. Therefore, exposing manipulators is meaningless. They just need to be ignored or left aside. Nevertheless, they generate conflicts in the environments in which they participate.

It has to be considered that manipulations are extremely effective in the social field and might become installed in the fallacious myths of a culture, diminishing the capacity for generating value in an environment.


Manipulative Binary Actions are dysfunctional because they don’t generate added value and therefore are not adaptive actions but over-adaptive actions of individuals to take advantage of the environment.

Working with adaptive systems and environments requires developing synchronized Unicist Binary Actions that include maximal strategy actions to grow and minimum strategy actions to ensure results.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute has been, since 1976, the pioneer in complexity science research where the Unicist Evolutionary Approach was developed.


The Mental Emulation Process

The final goal of an emulation process of a given reality is the definition of actions that ensure the achievement of results. We define reality as an external environment whose existence is given by a functionality within an adaptive system where the person who is emulating such reality is part of.

Mental Emulation Process

Human actions are driven by the concepts individuals have. Therefore, any action a person intends to do requires having the concepts of what will be done. This requires emulating in mind the functionality of the “external adaptive environment”, the functionality of the actions that are intended to be done and the integration of both aspects.

The purpose of an emulation is the construction of a mental model that has to be homologous, in functional terms, to the external reality that is being influenced.

It is necessary that the emulation process defines the idea of the concept that underlies actions. It needs to define the “what for” something needs to be done, the “how” it will be done and the “what” it is in itself.

An emulation includes the operational and unicist ontological aspects that allow building a model that represents the nature and operation of an action.

An emulation of a given reality to generate results requires having a previous knowledge of its functionality to be able to have an internal secure benchmark to begin with the emulation building process.

An external reality cannot be emulated if this knowledge does not exist. It has to be considered that the knowledge required is the knowledge of the category to which it belongs.

The mental emulation process includes the building of the mental model, defining its structural operational functionality and managing the underlying fundamentals.

It is necessary to recall that the fundamentals of a given reality define its genotype while the functional structure defines its phenotype. Both together allow emulating reality in a way where it is possible to define what can be achieved, how it can be achieved and how to make it happen.

The final purpose of a mental emulation is not the emulation itself but the achievement of structural solutions and operational results.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute has been, since 1976, the pioneer in complexity science research to deal with adaptive entities and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of adaptive systems and environments. It was one of the precursors of the Industry 4.0 concept


Integrating Abductive, Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

Unicist cognitive systems were developed to manage the root causes of processes, the root causes of their evolution and the root causes of the behavior of the participants. The unicist cognitive systems emulate processes to provide solutions using the unicist evolutionary approach. The unicist evolutionary approach is based on the discovery that human actions are driven by the concepts they have in their minds, which are triggered by the conceptual short-term memory (CSTM).

Unicist ReasoningThis approach manages the concepts and fundamentals of processes and is synthesized in the unicist strategy and the unicist conceptual management that emulate the intelligence, organization and evolution of nature to develop maximal strategies to grow and minimum strategies to ensure results.

It uses abductive, inductive and deductive reasoning to forecast, produce and ensure results. Abductive reasoning is used to access the concepts of things and define the possibilities of what can be achieved, inductive reasoning is used to develop destructive tests to confirm the limits of the validity of knowledge and deductive reasoning is used to develop validation tests and manage the operation.

The unicist artificial intelligence was developed to empower cognitive systems, integrating abductive, inductive and deductive reasoning to develop logical inferences based on the ontogenetic maps of the unified field of the concepts and fundamentals of adaptive functions while learning from the environment through pilot tests.

The unicist cognitive systems emulate processes in adaptive environments based on the definition of the unified field of their fundamentals to confirm what is possible to be achieved, how to make it happen and manage their evolution.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.


Human Superiority Complex

Superiority complexes are based on superior functional intelligence implying a structural different attitude. Their feeling of superiority is transformed into a complex when they begin to use their superior functional intelligence in fields that cannot be managed with that approach. But their need of sustaining their superiority forces to try to do so. The result implies blaming the environment for the paradoxical outcomes.

While inferiority complex drive toward inaction in order to deny the reality that affects self-esteem, superiority complexes drive toward aggressive active action to destroy the bothering object.

Superiority complexes are implicit in the decisions taken by anti-intuition in a fearful environment using the anti-intelligence to destroy the object that is threatening the self-perception of superiority.

Extremely talented individuals develop this complex while they live immersed in a mediocre environment. Mediocre environment are those that not include respect and admiration to the members of the group that have the capacity to add higher value.

When the relation with authority doesn’t include respect and admiration talented individuals become marginal. “Nerds” are some of the names that degrade the talent of an individual and transform a factual superiority into a personal complex.

On the other hand, talented individuals who perceive that their skill has no social value develop an inferiority complex if they are socially rejected.

To avoid destruction they become aggressive to the environment. The aggression might be active when it their complex is not integrated with an inferiority complex or passive if they perceive inferiority when dealing with other fields than the one (or several) they are talented in.

Characteristics of the Superiority Complex

  1. It is based on a physical advantage
  2. It influences all the activities of an individual
  3. It creates a personal fictive environment to solve problems using over-simplifying analogical approaches based on their specific talent.
  4. It is future focused to avoid the responsibility of present actions
  5. It uses omnipotence as a driver to avoid the feeling of inferiority
  6. It produces a selfish, envious and greedy behavior
  7. It produces a dualistic, antagonistic, analogical approach to reality
  8. It looks for the solution exclusively in the future
  9. It produces an obsessive taking, not giving, attitude
  10. It produces the distortion of the perception of threatening aspect of reality

The main difference is given by the fact that Superiority Complex driven individuals toward an active role in the environment. Thus they use to be aggressive using both active aggression and/or passive resistance as a way to attack the environment.

They do not work in teams. They are “solopreneurs”.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.


Integrating Empirical and Conceptual Knowledge to Grow

Empirical knowledge uses analogical patterns to deal with reality. This suffices to develop all those activities that are within the limits of confirmed patterns, but generates fallacies when such analogical patterns are wrongly established, generating paradoxical results. Integrating conceptual knowledge to empirical knowledge is the key factor to have reliable knowledge.

Possible to be AchievedThe research mentioned by TIME in an article entitled “1 in 4 Americans Apparently Unaware the Earth Orbits the Sun” confirms that there are people who are not interested in having a reliable knowledge they cannot profit from:

But when it is necessary to go beyond boundaries in business it is necessary to know “if the sun orbits the Earth or the Earth orbits the sun” (metaphor). To go beyond boundaries it is necessary to have conceptual and empirical knowledge to define what is possible to be achieved and how to achieve it.

Business growth requires, by definition, going beyond boundaries. That is why growth requires integrating conceptual knowledge with empirical knowledge in order to have reliable knowledge to define what is possible to be achieved and how to do it. The “deeper” the concept an individual is able to apprehend, the wider the boundaries s/he can manage.

Conceptual knowledge bothers all those who see the sun orbiting the Earth and can live with it. Their limits are the boundaries of their present activity and concepts are a meaningless abstraction.

The unicist strategy defines maximal strategies as those that happen beyond the existing boundaries of an activity and minimum strategies as those that happen within the existing boundaries. Maximal strategies require having structured conceptual knowledge while minimum strategies only require having confirmed empirical knowledge that manages the cause-effect relationships within the boundaries of an activity.

Therefore, the knowledge an individual has or can achieve is defined by her/his true goals in life.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.


Market Growth: Ensuring the Commercial Critical Mass of Businesses

Having the necessary critical mass to influence the market is necessary to build structural growth. Commercial critical mass uses the fundamentals of social critical mass to build concrete commercial actions that allow influencing the market.

Commercial Critical MassSocial critical mass applied to marketing is the integration of:

  • Superior aesthetics, which implies satisfying the manifest and latent needs of the potential customers.
  • Superior influence which allows stimulating the buying process
  • Superior credibility which implies that the superior value propositions are sustained by an adequate authoritative context.

The commercial critical mass building integrates:

  • Installing superior product/service attributes that are perceived as attractive by the market.
  • Building product/service brand attributes to differentiate the value propositions and influence potential buyers..
  • Building institutional brand attributes that sustain the credibility of the product brand attributes.

The use of critical masses requires a segmented approach that has to consider the functional, psychological, conceptual and lifestyle segmentations to ensure the functionality of the critical mass. These segmentations need to be transformed into profiles in order to be used by everyone.

Having a critical mass to influence buyers is a basic condition to be considered as the first choice in the mind of the potential buyer. To build commercial critical masses it is needed that the responsible person feels that s/he has a critical mass in the environment.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.


Unicist R&D: Small Business Development

This synthesis is the conclusion of a research that has been done for more than 20 years dealing with more than 30 small businesses having a revenue between 1,0 to 20,0 million dollars in countries that included the USA, Italy, UK, Germany, Spain, Brazil and Argentina. The objective of the research was to find which technologies are suitable for small businesses and which are their limits for the development of these companies.

Revenue is the simplest way to define the size of a business, but its nature is given by its critical mass in the market, which is defined by the power of its brand. Small businesses are whether small, stagnated or start-up businesses.

The majority: The Archetype of Stagnated Small Businesses

Stagnated small businesses are such because their final goal is to appropriate as much as they can from the market justifying these profits by doing what they can, without considering what is needed.

Stagnated Small Businesses  Their actions are driven by their owners who exert their power to ensure survival and establish the subjective limits of the actions within the company.

These companies cannot grow, because growth requires delivering differentiated added value to the market which does not allow doing what can be done and demands doing what needs to be done.

These types of companies cannot organize their functional business processes because they affect the subjective environment to survive. They have no organized management and they work in what we named as “business feudalism” where the subjective leadership of the owner has to prevail over the functional needs of the business.

Stagnated small business can only deal in marginal low productivity niches. In competitive environments they tend to disappear. They do not the possibility of surviving after their owner dies. They are built “around” the owner like a feud.

These companies need to develop a subjective environment that allows building a parallel reality where the utopias of the future replace the functional data of the present.

They minimize the tools they use in order to allow the participants to develop their activities based on their personal way. The owners monitor them based on the cash-flow of the company which, in the short run, ensures their survival.

The minority: The Archetype of Small Businesses

A business is small when the CEO/Manager/Director has the intention and is able to influence personally the people that work in the company. This implies that small business have necessarily hands-on managers that have the capacity of leading the group through their actions.

Adapted Small Businesses They are centrally focused on profits and they do what is needed to obtain them. They are an adaptive entity that strongly depends on the capacity of the leader to understand what happens in the environment and transform it into business processes that have to be followed by the participants.

Small businesses are such because they intend to occupy a space in a niche or segment of the market, have an organization that is autonomous from the owner and have the capacity to learn from their mistakes avoiding their repetition.

Their weak point deals with the understanding of the critical mass they need to have to achieve their goals. That is why they frequently build the necessary justifications for their dysfunctional actions.

Small companies can assume a leading role, the role of a secondary leader or a non-influential role in the market. The role they assume depends on their capacity to influence the niches they work with.

Their growth capacity depends on the size of the niche or segment they work with and on the positioning of the competitors. These companies tend to be absorbed or disappear when the niche they work in becomes attractive for large companies.

They have a functional organization without definition of roles and they are users of operational tools that allow them develop the work processes that are basically driven by tasks while the objectives are monitored by the CEO.

The few: The Archetype of Start-up businesses

Start-up businesses are such because of their capacity of generating differentiated value for the segment they work in. These businesses are focused on a niche where they have a superior level of knowledge and value generating capacity. They supersede competitors based on their market orientation and technology.

Small Start-up Businesses Profiting is a secondary goal in these types of companies. That is why it is frequent that the participation of investors, who believe in the business model, introduces an upgrade to their profit orientation in order to move them from a small company to a medium or large organization.

They begin by having the same characteristic of any other small business, meaning they have the business separated from the owner and they know they have to do what is needed in order to be able to grow.

Start up businesses work as an entrepreneurial venture but have, deep inside, the values that allow them become an organized enterprise. They are extremely focused on the market which includes a superior learning capacity to adapt their possibilities to the needs of the market. They are a learning organization that feels proud for the value they add to the environment.

The separation of the role of owner from the role of CEO is basic in this type of companies. In the early stages of these companies this separation might require that the same person works as a CEO in the company while he sits as an owner at home.

They have structured functional roles and organized processes in order to be able to learn from the environment and sustain the differentiated value they add to the market. But it has to be considered that, while they are small, they are CEO dependent.

Conclusion: Turnaround of Stagnant Small Businesses

During these years we had the opportunity to deal with 5 stagnant small businesses (the names are confidential). The results of this process demonstrated that it is extremely difficult to transform stagnant small businesses into adapted small or medium businesses.

Size of BusinessesFortunately this was possible in one case. Two companies left the market and 2 others are still struggling to survive. The nature of stagnant small businesses does not fit into the central business world. It only fits as transitory opportunity in marginal niches of low cost products and services.

Stagnant small businesses are necessarily over-adapted which means that they try to work in an environment they dominate, where they submit to the needs of the customers while they oppose to all things that endanger their position or works as a mirror of their real positioning.

Changing stagnant businesses is an extreme change for the owners, which requires that they change the personal relationship they have with “their” company.

There is no separation between the business and the owners of these types of businesses. The separation of this role implies that the beliefs of the owner need to be replaced by the needs of the market.

The change of these companies requires changing the collective intelligence of a company that is only possible by absorbing it by another company that has the necessary values.

This change is possible when the company is absorbed by a start up business which includes it as a division of the new company. This absorption requires that the owner is replaced by a CEO who might or not be also the owner of the company but the subjective environments is replaced by a functional environment. When it is absorbed by a medium or large company the small business disappears.

The greatest difficulty to deal with these companies is that their members can only listen to those who share their subjective opinions and there can be no room for aliens in this parallel world because they endanger their existence.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.