Translate this page

Search & Compare

Functionalist Approach

Translate this page

Search & Compare

The Functionalist Principles of Human Complexes

Essential complexes are extreme stagnated childish behaviors of individuals to avoid interacting with the environment as an adaptive system in order to obtain pseudo-benefits to survive. This is a synthesis of a research work developed at The Unicist Research Institute that is part of the book “Mind Traps” (2011) that is included in the Unicist Library.

Human complexes avoid the possibilities of adapting to an environment. They create a parallel reality that hinders dealing with adaptive systems.

Complexes’ objective is to avoid the adaptation process of individuals, generating a parallel reality creating a comfort zone to live in.

Complexes are homologous to “cancer”. They develop at the expense of the individual and eventually kill it; the paradox lies in that in doing so they die as well.

Complexes make individuals or cultures act in the environment in such a way, that they transform outer reality into inner reality.

This way, individuals or cultures lose the capacity to adapt to the environment and confirm the “parallel reality” constructed by the complexes until they reach the point of being completely marginalized from the environment and become extinct or “die” in social terms.

Complexes are fed by fallacies and fallacious utopias that are constructed by women/ men to avoid responsibilities and to satisfy their own beliefs or needs.

We have identified two basic complexes at the level of ontointelligence: The Inferiority / Superiority Complex, to avoid personal responsibility, and the Oedipus complex, to avoid species responsibility.

The ontological approach to complexes is compatible with the psychological approach to them. This compatibility doesn’t mean being identical, because the ontological approach implies dealing with the structure of the nature of complexes without entering into their interpretative causes.

The Benefit of Essential Complexes

Essential complexes build a world in which they generate their own transcendence. They construct a parallel reality where they feel free and suffer no demands. It is a comfortable situation of pleasure and domination that the individual does not want to give up.

Although it feels like being in the womb, it is, in fact, a “cancer” itself.

The Unicist Ontology of Human Essential Complexes

Human complexes provide a comfort zone in a permanent parallel reality based on integrating both the need of independence and dependence.

Essential complexes avoid responsibilities and transform an individual into a stagnated survivor that lives from the environment.

A comfort zone is created, where no feedback can be used and where no learning can happen. An individual is not driven by complexes if s/he is able to diagnose, learn and confirm his/her actions in the environment.

But when an individual is driven by essential complexes then the solving of this complexes can only take place based on the evolution of her/his ethical intelligence.

As soon as an individual matured and abandoned her/his survival stage in a structural way, complexes become transitory solutions for unmanageable situations but not a structural problem.

The structural segments of essential complexes are:

Superiority / Inferiority Complex

  • Superiority complex: This is a dominant behavior segment that is apparently seeking for independence, but, as this doesn’t exist in adaptive systems, generates the necessary conflicts to dominate using the feeling of superiority.
  • Inferiority complex: This is a dependant behavior segment. In order to take advantage from the environment and minimize their responsibility and energy investment, they use their feeling of inferiority to justify their actions and inactions.

Oedipus Complex

  • Instinctive behavior segment, to generate extreme complementary relationships abusing the complement in order to satisfy their instincts and avoid conscious experiences and responsibilities.
  • Anarchic behavior segment, to generate the necessary authority conflicts to ensure an apparent independence based on destruction and extreme subjectivism.

The Ontogenetic Structure of Essential Human Complexes

The purpose of essential complexes is to give a fallacious solution to the personal weaknesses of individuals.

This implies that the risk of developing essential complexes arises as soon as a child begins to have an interdependent role with the environment.

The capacity of elaborating frustrations and the energy the individual has available to influence an environment are basic to avoid the installation of essential complexes.

But the complexes do not depend exclusively on the individual. They also depend on the environment and the family context.

Cultural archetypes include fallacious myths to sustain the cohesion of cultures that imply a sort of “chronic stagnated characteristic”. They might or not be considered as essential complexes, but they surely foster the installation of complexes in the mind of the members of a culture. An individual is in touch with the archetype of a culture as soon as s/he is born.

The family context is the near context for the development of individuals. Therefore, the educational model that is implicit in a family, works as a catalyst or inhibitor for the evolution of the essential complexes of individuals.

Finally, the formal education of individuals can generate the social context for the evolution of complexes or just fallacious myths. Fallacious myths are necessary to integrate a culture but they might be substituted by essential complexes in the case of extremely conservative, fundamentalist or anarchic cultures.

Martin Alvaro
Scientific Dissemination Committee
The Unicist Research Institute

NOTE: The discovery of the functionalist principles allowed managing the root causes of problems, the functionality of things, and the necessary binary actions to make things work. This is a new stage, we invite you to experience their use at a personal level. Download


For Next Generation Leaders

We invite you to invite your children or the children of your friends to participate in the “Empower your Freedom” program that will take place on TWITCH from February 2022 on. It is a non-profit program that has been designed for teenagers from 14 to 17 years old. It works as a catalyst for abductive reasoning processes and demands 1-hour a week (including the 20-minute session on TWITCH).

Abductive reasoning, introduced by Charles S. Peirce, allows apprehending the functionality of things. The unicist logic was developed to manage such functionality and provided the rules for abductive reasoning.

This logic also enabled the development of the unicist AI, which is a fundamentals-based AI, that allows managing the functionality of processes. Unicist AI also minimizes the subjective bias of data-based AI ensuring big data management.

This is part of the transgenerational development non-profit project The Unicist Research Institute is sponsoring and developing to give adolescents the chance to enter the world with a functionalist approach that can easily be managed by facing the use of computer games going beyond intuition. Access;

What for?

The unicist logical reasoning is the next stage of abductive reasoning. The abductive reasoning approach was developed by Charles S. Peirce who could not relate it with reasoning rules. That is why it could not be systematically included in social education, which is the case of deductive and inductive reasoning.

This problem was solved by the development of the unicist logic that explains the functionality of things. Unicist logical reasoning was developed to use the unicist logic to manage the functionality of the real world. It is somehow related to abductive reasoning because it includes rule based abductive reasoning processes.

Abductive reasoning is not only necessary to manage the functionality of things, but also to deal with the future and with innovations, to develop strategies and to adapt to the environment. This requires using the unicist logic to define the functional structures of both the aspects that are being managed and the environment.

Abductive reasoning, using the unicist logic, was made manageable due to the development of the unicist functional design method that manages the ontogenetic maps of the functionality of things and processes. This enabled designing and building reliable operational solutions in adaptive environments.

We hope that you decide to offer this opportunity to them.

The Unicist Research Institute

The Unicist Functionalist Approach: The functionalist approach is based on the use of binary actions that are composed by two synchronized actions where the first one opens possibilities and the second one ensures results.


Adopting the Unicist Functionalist Approach to the Real World

The functionalist approach is based on the use of unicist logic. The objective of this document is to invite future leaders to adopt the functionalist approach that allows using a strategic approach to the real world and designing the operational processes that drive the evolution of the activities that are being developed.

The research on the functionalist approach to the real world included the research on human intelligence and was led by Peter Belohlavek at The Unicist Research Institute. The next stage of the research works is the development of IT applications based on the use of Unicist AI to help in the research process of the functional structures.

Different research works have demonstrated the functionality of the amygdala, the hippocampus, and the prefrontal cortex. This functionality provides the physiological framework of the functionalist approach:

The functionality of anything that is part of a system has a purpose, an active function, and an energy conservation function.

Now there is neural evidence that three dimensions organize mental state representation: Rationality, social impact, and valence.  It demonstrates the functionality of what has been named collective intelligence that drives human decisions and actions.

The functionalist approach is strongly influenced by the action of the hippocampus that influences the management of episodic memory, the past and the future, and is the access to the long-term memory, which builds concepts and makes them accessible. It has to be considered that human actions are driven by the concepts people have in mind.

The function of the trisynaptic circuit of the hippocampus is well known and can be found in open documents. Dealing with the future necessarily includes the functions included in the hippocampus.

The function of the amygdala dealing with ambiguity, anger and frustrations establishes a sort of context to deal with the functionality of things. The management of conflicts includes the participation of functions included in the amygdala.

The function of the prefrontal cortex influences cognitive control, decision making and actions, which drive the purpose of functional thinking processes. Defining the functionality implies having cognitive control over the operation, which comprises functions included in the prefrontal cortex.

The Learning of the Unicist Functionalist Approach

The past professional education has been centered on the management of the operationality of things. But the educational models that deal with operational aspects require introducing an educational model that allows dealing with the functionality of things.

The research works on the functionality of the human brain provide the physiological information on how people deal with functionality. It provides the physiological explanation of the use of the unicist logic to manage the functionality of things.

Unicist Logic

Even though the way the brain learns to deal with the functionality is implicit in the research works on the functionality of the brain, this knowledge has not been transformed into educational systems that allow people to influence the evolution of the operationality of human actions.

The unicist educational model, focused on an action-reflection-action process, established the way a functionalist approach needs to be learned, which is based on stimulating the activities managed in the amygdala, the hippocampus, and the prefrontal cortex.

The functionalist approach differs from the operational approach and requires multiple experiences until the neural circuit that is needed becomes part of the long-term memory of an individual. It allows dealing with the triadic structure of things and the consequent integration of binary actions to manage them.

The use of unicist functional design and unicist cobots is a way to install the functionalist approach and allows people to use it here and now.

Unicist Innovation Center – A Sharing Space
The Unicist Research Institute

The Unicist Functionalist Approach: The functionalist approach is based on the use of binary actions that are composed by two synchronized actions where the first one opens possibilities and the second one ensures results.


Presentation of the Functionality of Neurosis

Request the document

We are pleased to present a breakthrough research that introduces new possibilities in the world to take advantage of the 4th industrial revolution.

The discovery of the functionality of neurosis provided the information that is needed to build contexts that foster functional behavior. It is not a therapeutic approach. We invite you to learn about the possibilities that were opened by the discovery of the functionality of neurotic behavior in the field of business and everyday life.

This knowledge was based on a research work that demanded more than 10 years of real applications using destructive tests until the functionality of the knowledge and its limits were confirmed.

The research work, that was developed at The Unicist Research Institute, was based on the triadic structure of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature that drives its evolution and explains the triadic functional structure of human intelligence and thus the functionality of neurosis or neuroticism.

This research is part of the application field of the Unicist Conceptual Psychology that deals with a functionalist, non-therapeutic, approach to human behavior to foster functional actions in everyday life.

As we mentioned, we invite you to learn about the possibilities that were opened by the discovery of the functionality of neurotic behavior in the field of business and everyday life.

Executive Committee
The Unicist Research Institute

The Unicist Functionalist Approach: The functionalist approach is based on the use of binary actions that are composed by two synchronized actions where the first one opens possibilities and the second one ensures results. The use of univocal actions only works in fully controlled processes or where the environment provides the second action that sustains it. Therefore, the use of binary actions is not optional when it is needed to ensure the generation of results.


Learning to Build Unicist Binary Actions

The unicist binary actions are a way to go beyond dualism by developing an approach to adaptive environments that emulates the intelligence of nature.

Dualism is natural, because neurons are “on” or “off”. Dualism is evident and can be observed in the fact that any univocal action generates a reaction. But dualism inhibits adaptability, it is only functional to deal with static environments where a superior level of power can be exerted to make things happen.

The discovery of the triadic structure of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature, integrated by a purpose, an active and entropic principle and an energy conservation principle, allowed understanding the functionality, dynamics and evolution of nature and adaptive environments.

The approach to adaptive systems, which have open boundaries, requires using a strategic approach to manage their evolution that ends in synchronized binary actions to achieve the objectives that were established as being possible.

Adaptive systems are driven by binary actions, which are synchronized actions that, on the one hand integrate the actions of the active function, and on the other hand, include the actions of the energy conservation function. Both binary actions are focused on the purpose of the adaptive system.

The research developed at The Unicist Research Institute demonstrated that any adaptive system and environment (living being or artificial construction) is driven by binary actions. Some examples will help to grasp the idea:

  1. The active function and the energy conservation function of the intelligence of a tree drive its growth and survival.
  2. Lift and propulsion make airplanes take-off and fly.
  3. The cover and the back-cover define the functionality of the packaging of a book.
  4. The music and the lyrics of a song define its aesthetics.

Universally known examples of binary action are:

  • Efficacy + Efficiency = Effectiveness
  • Empathy + Sympathy = Personal influence
  • Participation + Power = Leadership
  • Marketing + Sales = New customers
  • Productivity + Quality = Value generation

The use of binary actions to manage adaptive environments is a must. This implies profiting from the influence of the context and/or building the necessary binary actions that allow influencing without generating reactions. It requires understanding a specific system, which is described by the unicist ontological structure that defines its functionality.

Apprehending Unicist Binary Actions

The building of binary actions requires accessing the functionality of processes going beyond dualistic empirical approaches. The discovery of the binary actions that are implicit in riddles and metaphors simplifies the management of adaptive systems and environments. It is the first step to learn about unicist binary actions, after the examples of the binary actions have been apprehended:

The unicist functional knowledge provides the structural approach to manage adaptive systems and the unicist functional design simplifies the building of the necessary strategies and binary actions to foster evolution and ensure results.

Building Unicist Binary Actions

The Unicist Functional Designers developed at The Unicist Research Institute, which manage the concepts and fundamentals of business processes, allow defining their functionality and developing binary actions to foster growth and ensure results.

Binary actions are implicit in the functional structure of adaptive systems. Binary actions work at an operational level and their integration is driven by the purpose of the system. The building of binary actions requires experiencing their use and developing the necessary pilot tests and destructive tests to confirm their functionality.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute (TURI) is a world leader in its segment. Since 1976, it has been specialized in complexity sciences applied to the research on the roots of evolution and its application to social, institutional, business and individual evolution.


Stupidity, the game lazy minds play to avoid responsibilities

In terms of commonsense people consider that stupidity implies a lack of intelligence. Nothing is less true; stupidity is a manipulation for one’s benefit.  Stupidity is a game lazy minds play to make others assume the responsibility they do not want to assume when they face unknown aspects of reality. It is basically an unconscious game.

There is no relationship between IQ and stupidity. Stupidity is triggered by emotional intelligence to avoid the need for assuming responsibilities. Stupidity is always justified by the one who plays the role.

In the field of work, it is the main inhibitor of innovations, improvements, testing of new actions, and reflection. It works based on demanding clarification of the unknown based on direct demands or “endless” yes buts, which avoid the need to learning how to do with the unknown. Stupidity always requires the use of value judgements to avoid assuming responsibilities.

We recommend reading two psychological approaches to stupidity which are homologous with the unicist ontological approach:

Carl Jung:

Eric Berne:

A metaphor clarifies the role of stupidity as a resource to avoid responsibility

The one who ignores is blind.
The one who ignores, but thinks he does not,
Is not only blind but deaf.
God and fools know everything,
But fools need to be right.

Stupidity is a smart game people play to avoid enter unknown fields, which hinders learning and justifies inaction. It is not because they lack intelligence. It is a question of lack of responsibility, needs, and/or will.

Peter Belohlavek


The Functionality of Unicist Reflection

The advantage of managing the concepts of social or business functions is that this knowledge is cross-cultural and timeless. It is valid as long as the function exists. This knowledge has a universal structure that adopts multiple shapes according to the characteristics of the environment.

A superior level of maturity is needed to access the concepts of processes. This maturity is materialized in the awareness of what is being done. The use of the Unicist “Q” Method makes the unicist reflection process possible.

The use of the reflection process gives access to concepts to any person who decides to add value, no matter the environment or the conditions, as long as s/he had assumed the responsibility for generating added value and had the necessary will to develop the reflection processes.

The access to concepts and fundamentals will require more time if this happens in environments that have a low level of maturity and will require less time if the environment is naturally adaptive. 

  • The reflection process of survivors requires three stages: accessing value earning ethics, value adding ethics and foundations ethics.
  • The reflection process of people driven by value earning ethics requires two stages: value adding ethics and foundations ethics.
  • The reflection process of people driven by value adding ethics requires one stage: accessing the foundations ethics.

Martin Alvaro

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute (TURI) is a world leader in its segment. Since 1976, it has been specialized in complexity sciences applied to the research on the roots of evolution and its application to social, institutional, business and individual evolution.


The Discovery of Ethical Intelligence and the Pleasure of Giving

If you feel sore give,
giving you will recover…

The research on the functionality of intelligence and the discovery of ethical intelligence developed at The Unicist Research Institute* opened new possibilities in the understanding of human behavior and its evolution.

In this context, approaching ethical intelligence helps to foster the development of the level of maturity and also respect its limits. This synthesis shows an excerpt of one of the segments of this research on ethical intelligence to provide an introduction to understand its nature.

The Nature of Ethical Intelligence

Ethical intelligence is the intelligence that structures stable and dynamic rules that determine the action of individuals in their environment. It determines their capacity to add value, their influence on the environment and on others and their time management.

On the one hand, the rules are stable since they respond to a purpose that is defined by the level of ethics within which the individual acts.

On the other hand, the rules are dynamic, because despite the fact that individuals are at a certain level, they are capable of determining alternative strategies that satisfy the objective they are seeking within that level.

Ethics is defined as a set of rules that are functional to a situation and to a certain perception of an accepted moral, and are supported by a complementary ideology.

Five levels of ethics have been found that sustain the behavior of the individuals:

  • Ethics of survival
  • Ethics of the earned value
  • Ethics of added value
  • Ethics of foundations
  • Conceptual ethics

The higher the level of ethical intelligence, the higher the level of consciousness an individual needs to have.

Ethical intelligence provides a set of rules that defines a specific framework in our behavior that can be functional to adapt to specific contexts. The knowledge of the prevailing ethical intelligence individuals have in a particular context shows how they add value, exert influence and manage time, helping to understand their adaptation to specific environments, and also how to manage their limits and possibilities.

Diana Belohlavek

*This synthesis is an excerpt of an introduction to the research on conscious intelligence led by Peter Belohlavek at The Unicist Research Institute. For more information, on the different types of intelligences and their functionality, you can access:


The Unicist Logic is an emulation of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature

The Unicist Logic is a synthetic logic that emulates the ontogenetic intelligence of nature and its maximal strategies to grow and minimum strategies to survive.

It was developed to validate the triadic functionality of natural and artificial complex adaptive systems and to design and build binary actions to manage them. 

The unicist logic was developed to manage consciously the unified field of complex adaptive systems. Conscious reasoning allows developing fallacy-free decisions and actions to ensure the results of what intends to be achieved.

This logic, which is based on human ontointelligence, allows dealing with the dynamics, evolution and nature of adaptive environments and provided the structure to build the unicist artificial intelligence. Non-adaptive environments are considered a “particular case” of adaptive systems.

The unicist logic allows understanding the functionality, dynamics and evolution of adaptive systems and environments. It is the basic knowledge needed to develop strategies in these environments. It applies to any kind of strategies.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute (TURI) is a world leader in its segment. Since 1976, it has been specialized in complexity sciences applied to the research on the roots of evolution and its application to social, institutional, business and individual evolution.


The Difference between Unicist Binary Actions (UBAs) and Manipulative Binary Actions (MBAs)

The Unicist Strategy is a value adding strategy while manipulation is its anti-concept that is driven by the need to control the environment to obtain benefits. Therefore, manipulative actions are the anticoncept of unicist binary actions. While the manipulative binary actions aim at controlling the environment, the unicist binary actions aim at generating added value. This is the difference between MBAs and UBAs.

Unicist Binary Actions

Double Dialectical Behavior is natural and “automatic” in any complex adaptive system. Perhaps it needs to be clarified that adaptive systems are those that are dominantly feedback dependent.

The discovery of the structure of the concepts that underlies these systems allowed understanding how these binary actions drive the evolution of such systems.  The use of unicist logic allowed defining, designing and using unicist binary actions to implement adaptive strategies.

Unicist binary actions integrate the actor with two synchronized actions including, on the one hand, the maximal strategy to foster growth and, on the other hand, the minimum strategy to ensure survival.

Unicist binary actions respond to the needs of the nature of what is being managed and therefore generate no reactions. The value generated by these binary actions demonstrates their functionality.

Binary actions are not such, but manipulations, when they are used to profit from the environment. Generating value and profiting from the counterpart is the pathway of unicist binary actions.

Manipulative Binary Actions

Manipulations are non-conscious actions to control the environment and obtain benefits at the expense of others. The manipulations of children are a paradigmatic example.

While the purpose of manipulations is to profit from the environment, the purpose of unicist binary actions is to add value to the environment. That is why manipulations are the anti-concept of unicist strategy and its binary actions. .

Manipulations are sustained by the needs of the environment and are catalyzed by exposing the weaknesses that are implicit in the strengths of the counterpart.

The binary actions developed by manipulators are:

Manipulative Binary Action 1

MBA Type 1a) – Exposing the implicit weaknesses of the counterpart as real weaknesses.

MBA Type 1b) – Making an implicit or explicit ambiguous promise of satisfying the needs of the counterpart.

Manipulative Binary Action 2

MBA Type 2a) – Trying to appropriate value based on fallacious justifications.

MBA Type 2b) – Exerting power by attacking the implicit weaknesses of the counterpart until the value is appropriated.

The manipulation process doesn’t fail when the intuition of the manipulator allowed discovering the needs and the implicit weaknesses of the counterpart and the manipulator has the necessary energy to pursue until the benefit has been obtained.

There are adults who have the habit of manipulating and others who have the addiction of doing so. None of these people can use a strategic approach or use unicist binary actions to add value to the environment, because they understand that the value is added at their expense. The origin of the habits and addictions can be found in their early education.

Manipulators build all the fallacies that are needed to justify their actions. Therefore, exposing manipulators is meaningless. They just need to be ignored or left aside. Nevertheless, they generate conflicts in the environments in which they participate.

It has to be considered that manipulations are extremely effective in the social field and might become installed in the fallacious myths of a culture, diminishing the capacity for generating value in an environment.


Manipulative Binary Actions are dysfunctional because they don’t generate added value and therefore are not adaptive actions but over-adaptive actions of individuals to take advantage of the environment.

Working with adaptive systems and environments requires developing synchronized Unicist Binary Actions that include maximal strategy actions to grow and minimum strategy actions to ensure results.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute has been, since 1976, the pioneer in complexity science research where the Unicist Evolutionary Approach was developed.