Object driven thinking is humans’ natural approach to reality. Human mind approaches reality using cognitive objects. A cognitive object is a structure that contains knowledge, the action procedure, the groundings of such object, and the opinion on which it is based. The knowledge is necessary to build an understandable description of a reality. The action procedure structures the usefulness of the knowledge.
Opinions are the “doctrine”, or secure knowledge, on which cognitive objects are built.
Cognitive objects are stored in the long-term memory and are accessed if the individual approaches reality in an adapted way.
The access of long-term memory requires a structural approach.
Intuition is an “automatic” response which includes the information of the objects stored in the long-term memory.
Let us consider an example: The way a chess master approaches a multiple-game party.
This case has been studied by different researchers that concluded that a master recalls the multiple objects s/he has in his/her mind to categorize the situation of the opponents. It is said that a chess master has until 100,000 positions in her/his mind and that s/he is able to anticipate 14 moves.
The more situations s/he can recall and relate to diagnose a situation, the more flexible his/her approach to the real game and the more chances s/he has to win.
Long-term memory is integrated by:
- Episodic memory, to recall personal experiences from our past.
- Semantic memory, to store facts, information, concepts, rules, principles, and problem solving skills.
- Procedural memory, to remember how to perform or employ a strategy.
These three types of long-term memory are integrated. They store the cognitive objects that people need to respond on time to influence an environment.
The objects stored in mind must fulfill several conditions:
- They must include the conceptual structure to be meaningful.
- They must be secure, to be reliable.
They must include the individual’s beliefs, to be remembered. When the individual’s beliefs are not included they are forgotten.
- They must include knowledge, which includes the possibility of application.
- They must include groundings which have to be reasonable, comprehensible and provable.
- They must include action procedures to make the objects useful.
A cognitive object is stored in the three types of long-term memory:
- Episodic memory pictures the object’s functional experiences, which permit an analogical approach.
- Semantic memory stores the idea of the concept, its structure and mechanics.
- Procedural memory contains the taxonomy to implement the actions that are included in the structure of the cognitive objects.
To have the necessary knowledge objects stored in your mind, such objects have to be registered in the long-term memory. Reflection requires a smooth natural use of the integration of an individual with the environment. When the knowledge objects are not stored in the long-term memory, it is impossible to approach complexity but on a rationalist approach.
Without having stored the necessary taxonomy, a knowledge cannot be used but in a fallacious way.
The Unicist Research Institute
NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.