Leadership implies integrating an existent authority with a necessary participation within the limits of non-exerted power.
The active function of leadership is participation and participation implies being able to exchange with others. Therefore participation is only true when individuals are able to do their part alone and are willing to share.
People who cannot deal with “something” cannot share with others because they have “nothing”. In this case participation becomes a manipulation to avoid assuming the responsibility of what one needs to do alone.
Leadership drives naturally to solitude. Leadership can be exerted if an individual is driven by self-fulfillment and sustained by the power of solitude.
Self-fulfillment implies that a leader is doing something that is meaningful and is part of what s/he loves.
Individuals can do what they love and/or love what they do. Both aspects are part of self-fulfillment. This allows leaders to go beyond existing boundaries and develop maximal strategies.
On the other hand, minimum strategies require that the leader be able to solve the problem for her/himself. To do so leaders need to be able to access their internal power in solitude. Minimum strategies imply assuming the full responsibility for making things happen.
NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.