The Functionalist Approach to Living and Artificial Entities
The COVID-19 pandemic crisis triggered the publication of the research on biological, social and institutional viruses. The objective of this article is to provide information to researchers on the ontological structure of viruses to help the development of therapies.
This research is based on a pragmatic, structural and functionalist approach to science that allows dealing with a scientific approach to adaptive systems and environments. The research was led by Peter Belohlavek at The Unicist Research Institute.
This functionalist approach to science is based on the fact that there is nothing in the universe, which is part of a system, that does not work with a purpose, an active function, and an energy conservation function, integrated by complementation and supplementation laws, that define its concept.
The evolution of nature is based on this triadic functional structure. The functionality of amino-acids and the functionality of nucleotides are examples of this structure. This structure works through binary actions that produce the functionality of any entity or process, whatever its kind. Binary actions are two synchronized actions that aim at the same purpose. This implies that the real-world functions are based on binary actions.
This was based on the discovery of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature that allowed developing the unicist logic and applies to all that happens in the universe. This is materialized in the ontogenetic maps of things that define and describe the functionality of the real world.
About the Ontogenetic Intelligence of Nature
The discovery of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature made the management of the functionality of living entities and adaptive systems and environments possible. This intelligence defines the triadic functional structure that drives the evolution of nature.
The ontogenetic intelligence provides the basic rules to adapt to an environment. It sustains the living being’s unstable equilibrium. When, for any reasons, the ontogenetic intelligence is inhibited, the living being loses its equilibrium and its survival is endangered.
The ontogenetic intelligence of nature defines the nature of an entity. As such, its structure was named unicist ontology and the name given to this intelligence was concept.
The ontogenetic intelligence of nature discovered defines that there are only two types of relationships in the world: a complementary relationship and a supplementary relationship, integrated in a triadic function.
The basic principles
The ontogenetic intelligence of nature defines the basic laws of evolution. It is a set of what can be called natural laws, which rule the evolution of living beings. It includes a purpose and two basic principles:
- The action and entropic principle that sustains growth and evolution. It is driven by freedom.
- The energy conservation principle, which sustains survival and avoids involution. It is driven by security.
These principles are active in individual beings and in the live environment they are part of.
This led to the development of the unicist double dialectical approach that allows dealing with complex problems using a logical approach.
The unicist double dialectical approach is a rational emulation of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature that allows apprehending the dynamics of evolution. This made the development of the Unicist Logic possible.
The objective of this research was to develop a technology that allowed predicting the evolution of specific aspects of complex adaptive systems and developing solutions to exert influence on such evolution.
The Unicist Ontology of Viruses
A virus is a non-complete living being that cannot complete its evolution cycle without using others’ energy. Viruses are half complete living beings with a “virtual” function that suffices to provide a short period of life but does not allow their evolution without being within a living being that provides their energy. The implicit purpose of a virus is to multiply its existence in order to sustain the species.
As viruses need to obtain energy from the environment, they absorb the energy from the host they install in and multiply themselves to find a way to evolve.
From an ontological point of view, there are two different kinds of viruses:
- The viruses that lack a purpose and need to absorb the energy from the purpose of the entity they are installed in.
- The viruses that lack an energy conservation function and need to absorb energy from their host to sustain their own purpose.
The immune system of the living-being must be able to deal with viruses. Viruses invade the living beings they know that they can use to complete their existence and to multiply to find ways to mutate and evolve until they become a complete living being.
As any halfway creature, they destroy the environment they enter because their objective is not complementary with the environment but supplementary.
The energy they absorb produces the destruction of the vital functions of the invaded environment or might produce the self-destruction of the environment.
This is the case in which the immune system produces an extreme level of defense to compensate for the damage. In this case, the immune system degrades the functionality of the environment until making it collapse.
The destruction power of viruses
Viruses have different levels of destruction power. We classify them in four levels:
- Viruses that enter a living being without producing any effect
- Viruses that produce mild destructive effects
- Viruses that produce serious destructive effects
- Viruses that destroy the living being
The jeopardy of a virus depends on its structure.
- Viruses stay latent when they have an active function that is compatible with the active function of their host.
- Viruses that lack the energy conservation function produce mild to serious effects.
- Viruses that lack a purpose tend to destroy the living being.
The jeopardy of viruses depends on their structure and the evolution energy available at their hosting entity.
When the hosting entity is struggling against involution, there are higher possibilities of destruction.
When an entity is in evolution, the energy the virus absorbs is usually insufficient to destroy the host.
We define mutation as a structural change in the purpose of a being, or of any of its “vital subsystems”. We refer to a mutation every time that a subsystem is somehow annulled for any non-“traumatic” reason, and this is hence transmitted to future generations. Modifications of functions will cause different effects according to the role the functions comply with. Mutations occur when the purpose of an entity or action changes.
If there is a modification in the energy conservation function mutations could take place, but even if there is no mutation, the system has lost stability and will generate a change in the active function.
A mutation may occur because of evolution or because of involution. In the first case, mutations are based on the action of the active function to fulfill its purpose. Involution is produced by the inability of the active function to produce results.
Evolution implies that the active function, representing a more functional intelligence, turns to be the purpose of an entity. Involution implies a structural degradation in the functionality of an entity.
Mutation of viruses
During an extreme short time, while they absorb the energy from the environment, viruses access an implicit purpose. This produces necessarily a change in the active function. Having achieved that stage, there are two alternatives:
- The change is functional to the multiplication of the virus
- The change is not significant in the multiplication
If the change is functional, a mutation of the virus has happened. Viruses mutate easily because they do not have their own vital function. They live from the vital function of the environment and change with it.
Biological viruses are homologous to social and institutional viruses, but not to computer viruses. They are parasites that depend on the host to survive. Therefore, it is necessary to have a functional immune system to avoid that they absorb the energy of a living or artificial system and/or have the necessary therapies to confront them. This article provides the ontological structure of viruses to develop immune systems or therapies to confront, when possible, their multiplication and mutations.
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