Competitors in Research and Education


1) Research

The Unicist Logical Approach to Complexity was developed by Peter Belohlavek at The Unicist Research Institute.

It is necessary to define complexity in the field of business. It needs to be understood to develop and use adaptive systems:

When you have to add 1 + 1 the problem is simple; 1 + 1 = 2. There is only one possible solution and all you have to do is follow a method.

But the problem becomes complex if you reverse the equation (2 = ???) because you need to produce a result. In this case there are infinite solutions and the problem is complex because you have to find the equation that optimizes the process of producing results. That is why using methods is simple but ensuring results is complex.

We define a complex system as an open system, which defines the functionality of a unified field through the conjunction of objects and/or subsystems.

Complexity Science Organizations

There are three main organizations in the world that are fully focused on complexity science and its application in the field of human complex adaptive systems. We strongly recommend comparing their approaches to choose the one that is functional to your needs. We suggest beginning by accessing their institutional page to apprehend the concept of adaptiveness they manage:
Santa Fe Institute – Empirical approaches
New England Complex Systems Institute – Empirical approaches
The Unicist Research Institute – A unicist logical approach (based on a pragmatic, structuralist and functionalist framework)

Structural comparison of the applied research in the field of Human Adaptive Systems 


Unicist Logical Approach

Alternative Approaches

Theoretical Framework Pragmatism, Structuralism, Functionalism Empiricism
Starting Point Possibilities Needs
Goal Produce Results Produce Results
Attitude Focusing on Solutions Focusing on Problems
Objective Complex Adaptive Systems Development Complex Problems Solving
Tools Logical Tools Empirical Tools
Processes Based on Objects Based on Variables
Diagnoses Based on “Ontogenetic Maps” Based on Variables
Future Forecasts Based on Logical Inferences & Projections Based on Projections

Businesses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Businesses are typical adaptive systems. Businesses need to adapt to the environment in order to achieve their goals.

The Unicist Logical Approach allows emulating in one’s mind the dynamics of a business. This action allows managing it as an adaptive system. Thus this approach permits defining reliable scenarios, develop diagnoses, build strategies and business architectures.

The more adaptive a “system” is, the less energy is consumed to generate a predefined value. Adaptive systems require using predictors to deal with the adaptive aspects of the reality that is being managed. This requires using a unicist logical approach to define the rules that regulate adaptiveness and allow designing the architecture of the system.

Designing adaptive systems implies dealing with the complexity of such systems and developing operational solutions that can be managed by ordinary people to expand businesses and save energy. Complexity sciences can be defined as the scientific approach to complex adaptive systems.

Comparison of the Approaches to Complexity Sciences

Aspect Peter Belohlavek’s approach
to Complexity Sciences
Preexisting approaches: Bateson, Förster, Lorenz, Maturana, Morin, Prigogine
and others
Field of Study Complex adaptive systems Complex adaptive systems
Approach Pragmatic – Structural – Functionalist Empirical
Definition of the field of study A specific reality as a unified field that includes the restricted and wide contexts and the “emergence” of the system Based on the “emergence” of the system
Possibility of external observation Inexistent Inexistent
Scientific research method Unicist Ontological Research Systemic Research
Boundaries of the system Open Open
Self-organization Concepts – analogous to strange attractors Strange Attractors / undefined
Structure Conceptual structure
Purpose – active function – energy conservation function
Relationship between the elements Following complementation and supplementation laws Undefined
Evolution / Involution Based on the evolution/involution laws of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature Undefined
Processes Integrated by objects Undefined
Certainty Defining possibilities and probabilities Defining probabilities
Demonstration Real applications Real applications
Emulation in the human mind Double-dialectical thinking
(using the ontointelligence)
Complex thought
Emergent Results Results Results
Chaos Inexistent Existent
Influence on the environment Based on actions and objects: drivers, inhibitors, entropy inhibitors, catalysts, and gravitational objects. Based on actions
Validation Destructive and non-destructive tests (real applications) Systemic research validation methods


Steps to Manage Businesses as Adaptive Systems:

  1. Development of forecasts of the future of the adaptive system
  2. Diagnose adaptive systems to define the possibilities of what can be achieved and how to do it.
  3. Develop the necessary strategies that allow developing both “maximal strategies” to expand the boundaries of the system and “minimum strategies” to ensure survival.
  4. Design the architecture of the solution in order to obtain the results that are necessary and possible to be achieved.

This requires having a conceptual approach to apprehend the unified field of the business and being able to transform adaptive aspects into operational solutions.


2) Education

The Unicist Approach to Superior Education

The Unicist Education is a superior education model that is based on the discoveries on behavior and education made at The Unicist Research Institute. The unicist paradigm shift applied to education is given by the discovery of the unicist ontology of human learning processes and by the reflection based education to learn to manage complex adaptive environments.

Conceptual management, the next stage in business

Unicist Conceptual Management

The paradigm shift is given by the conceptual approach to businesses and its integration with the existing technical analytical approach. It allows integrating the knowledge of the empirical observable facts with the knowledge of the “nature of businesses” in order to define what is possible to be achieved and the probability to make it happen.

We propose you compare the differences between unicist education and professional education by accessing the information on the unicist logical approach and the approaches to cross-cultural businesses of four major Global MBAs (2 in the USA and 2 in the EU).

Unicist education is based on learning processes that are analogous to “teaching hospitals” based on real complex problem solving.

The unicist logical approach to business and the organization by using business objects that emulate the structure of nature are the paradigm shift introduced by the “Conceptual Management”. This allows going beyond the empirical approaches to businesses making them reasonable, understandable and predictable.

The unicist educational model is a superior education model that deals with the learning of logical tools and business objects.

It requires having the necessary technical-analytical knowledge learned in graduate or undergraduate programs.


We recommend beginning with the social communication of the different proposals.

1) Harvard Business School

2) Stanford Graduate School of Business

3) London Business School

4) Insead – The Business School for the World

5) Unicist Corporate University – The Unicist Research Institute

The difference between the Unicist Education and the Professional Education can be synthesized in:


Unicist Education

Professional Education

Educational Framework Teaching Hospital / Clinics Workshops / Seminars / Courses
Educational Model Complex Problem Solving Systemic Problem Solving
Learning Approach Action-Reflection-Action Theory-Practice
Problem Solving Approach Focused on Results Focused on Objectives
Future Forecasting Logical Inferences / Delphi Groups Projections / Delphi Groups
Knowledge Logical & Empirical Approach Empirical Approach
Type of Tools Conceptual Tools Analytical Tools
Business Planning Strategic Approach Analytic Approach
Dominant type of Analysis Fundamental Analysis Technical Analysis
Risk Management Based on Possibilities Based on Probabilities
Business Processes Adaptive Systems Operational Systems

Superior Education

What is the Unicist Logical Approach to Businesses?

Learn about “The 100 Major Discoveries” at:

The unicist logical approach manages the adaptive aspects of business as unified fields based on the knowledge of their ontogenetic maps.

The knowledge of the ontogenetic map of a business, its market and the context allowed managing the fundamentals that define the possibilities of a business.

The construction of future scenarios became possible based on the knowledge of the ontology of evolution and the ontogenetic maps of a business and its restricted and wide contexts.

This knowledge allowed defining “maximal strategies”, to expand beyond the boundaries of a business, and “minimum strategies” to work within them.

The adaptive business processes became reliable based on the use of business objects. The role of human work was enriched by the use of business objects.

The integration of fundamental analysis and technical analysis allowed building reliable business knowledge, transforming uncertainty into risk and integrating the knowledge of the possibilities of success with its probabilities.

All the solutions, business objects, technologies and knowledge provided by The Unicist Research Institute are based on the unicist logical approach and generate significant energy saving effects.

Teaching Hospitals in Business

The Teaching Hospitals in Business (UTHB) are installed to foster the learning of the management of complex business problems.

Teaching Hospitals in Business


The Teaching Hospitals in Business are focused on the learning process of individuals who already have the necessary technical-analytical knowledge to deal with business administration. This is similar to Teaching Hospitals in Medicine that deal with graduated physicians that develop a specialty.

From medical practice, it can be learned that this process requires multiple applications until a specialist is able to deal with the complexity of her/his specialty.

The first step in a UTHB is that the participants learn to define the concept of what they are dealing with. When a complex problem is being approached, the first step requires finding the idea of the concept of the solution to the problem. In medical practice a physician needs to be able to categorize the disease and its evolution in order to be able to diagnose.

The unicist logical approach requires being focused on solutions, that begins by knowing the conceptual category of the problem and its solution.

When this is known, it is necessary to develop a conceptual diagnosis and confirm it with a systemic diagnosis in order to develop the solution for the complex problem.

Through these actions participants learn to manage the concepts. Conceptual Management provides the necessary knowledge to solve business problems in adaptive environments.

Technical Knowledge is needed to Administrate.

Conceptual Knowledge is needed to Expand.